• 17 Posts
Joined 1Y ago
Cake day: Mar 24, 2022


First off, as someone who has programmed GPT stuff since way before ChatGPT, we don’t even need to train our own model. That is overly expensive and unnecessary for our purpose. What is much smarter to do in this case is to take all of the Marxist works and let a chatbot access the contents of the works using semantic search. The way we do this is to convert the works into small chunks which we then convert into embedding vectors. When the user sends a message to the chatbot, the message and the context of the message will be converted into an embedding vector. We then run a dot-product between the message of the user and the chunks of the texts in order to find the most relevant chunks to the question which the user has asked. Then a pre-trained model can make use of the information fetched in order to answer the user’s question.

Of course, training one’s own model can be good if we want it to be even more accurate and familiar with the material, however a good starting point would be to use semantic search.

Well, China beat the US at its own game by creating the ‘ultimate’ addictive social media platform.

Ultimately, its just an algorithm and its consequences couldn’t have been foreseen by its creators.

GPT-4 casually being incredibly knowledgable on China’s political system. (full conversation)
As you may know, GPT-4 just got released and you can access it through ChatGPT plus. Here is the conversation: Me: What are the four cardinal principles put forward in the constitution of the CPC? GPT-4: The Four Cardinal Principles are the fundamental guidelines outlined in the Constitution of the Communist Party of China (CPC). They were first proposed by Deng Xiaoping in 1979 and emphasize the importance of maintaining the socialist path with Chinese characteristics. The principles are: -Upholding Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought: The CPC is committed to adhering to the foundational theories of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, which have guided the Party throughout its history. These theories form the ideological basis for the Party's policies and actions. -Upholding the Socialist Road: The CPC is committed to developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, which emphasizes economic growth, modernization, and national rejuvenation. The Party aims to create a harmonious and prosperous society by balancing social, economic, and environmental factors. -Upholding the People's Democratic Dictatorship: This principle refers to the CPC's governance model, which combines democratic practices with the central role of the Party in governing the country. The People's Democratic Dictatorship emphasizes the importance of the Party's leadership and the people's active participation in the political process. -Upholding the Leadership of the Communist Party of China: This principle emphasizes the central role of the CPC in governing the country. It asserts that the Party's leadership is essential for ensuring the success of the socialist system and maintaining national unity, stability, and development. These Four Cardinal Principles remain at the core of the CPC's ideology and policy-making, guiding the Party's actions and decisions as it navigates China's development in the 21st century. Me: What party organs exist to make sure that the party constitution is followed? GPT-4: The Communist Party of China (CPC) has established several party organs and institutions to ensure that the Party Constitution is followed and implemented effectively. These organs work together to maintain discipline, ensure policy compliance, and uphold the Party's core principles. Some key party organs responsible for these tasks include: -Central Committee: The Central Committee is the highest decision-making body of the CPC when the National Congress is not in session. It is responsible for overseeing the implementation of the Party Constitution and ensuring the Party's policies and principles are followed. -Politburo (Political Bureau) and Politburo Standing Committee: The Politburo is an executive committee that makes policy decisions and supervises the work of the Central Committee. The Politburo Standing Committee is a smaller and even more powerful body within the Politburo. Both are responsible for implementing the Party Constitution and maintaining discipline within the Party. -Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI): The CCDI is the Party's primary anti-corruption and internal disciplinary organ. It plays a crucial role in ensuring that Party members adhere to the Constitution and maintain high ethical standards. The CCDI investigates and punishes corruption and misconduct within the Party, helping to maintain its integrity and credibility. -Organization Department: The Organization Department is responsible for managing the CPC's personnel, including appointments, promotions, and evaluations. It plays a key role in ensuring that Party members follow the Party Constitution and uphold its principles and values. -Propaganda Department: The Propaganda Department is responsible for guiding public opinion, disseminating the Party's policies, and promoting the Party's ideology. It ensures that the Party Constitution is followed in the realms of media, education, and culture. -Party schools and training institutions: The CPC operates party schools and training institutions at various levels, aiming to educate and train Party members about the Party Constitution, Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, and other key ideological tenets. These institutions play a crucial role in ensuring that Party members are well-versed in the Constitution and its guiding principles. These organs work together to maintain the Party's discipline, promote adherence to the Party Constitution, and ensure that the Party's ideology and principles are upheld throughout the organization. Me: Explain the reform and opening up process and address critique saying that it doesn't adhere to marxist principles. Explain using historical materialism. GPT-4: The reform and opening-up process, initiated by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, is a significant turning point in China's modern history. It aimed to modernize China's economy, improve living standards, and restructure the economic system by moving away from the centrally planned economy to a more market-oriented system. The reform and opening-up process involved introducing market mechanisms, attracting foreign investment, and fostering the growth of private enterprises. Critics argue that these reforms deviate from Marxist principles, as they seem to promote capitalism and create social inequalities. However, proponents of the reform and opening-up process can defend it through the lens of historical materialism, which is a key concept in Marxist thought. Historical materialism posits that the economic base of society (the mode of production and productive forces) determines the superstructure (politics, ideology, and culture). According to this view, societies transition through different stages of economic development, with each stage giving rise to different social, political, and ideological systems. China's reform and opening-up process can be understood as a practical application of historical materialism. In this view, China's transition from a centrally planned economy to a more market-oriented system was a necessary step in the country's development. By introducing market mechanisms and attracting foreign investment, China aimed to develop its productive forces, which were lagging behind after the Cultural Revolution. Proponents argue that the reform and opening-up process adheres to the Marxist principle of dialectical materialism, which emphasizes the interplay between economic development and social change. The reforms were seen as a way to address the contradictions that had emerged in China's socialist system, such as inefficiencies in production and distribution, and to promote the country's progress towards a more advanced stage of socialism. Furthermore, Chinese leaders have consistently maintained that the ultimate goal of the reform and opening-up process is to achieve communism. They argue that these reforms are a temporary, necessary step in the country's development towards a more advanced socialist society. In this context, the reform and opening-up process can be seen as a pragmatic adaptation of Marxist principles to China's specific historical conditions, rather than a deviation from Marxism itself. In conclusion, while the reform and opening-up process may appear to deviate from Marxist principles, it can be defended as a pragmatic application of historical materialism. By addressing the contradictions within China's socialist system and promoting economic development, the reform and opening-up process has allowed China to progress towards its ultimate goal of achieving communism.

Seriously though, do you guys think war will/can be avoided? The Chinese government itself obviously has a much better understanding of the current situation as well as a solid theoretical framework to understand and deal with any tensions that arise, which makes me think that the odds of massively lethal war may be lower than I expect.

This confirms that history goes in a cyclical pattern. Every 270 million years, the CPC reemerges and tries to take over the world, but it ends up with nuclear war, resetting humanity’s development and restarting the cycle.

Some people think that the firewall is to keep Chinese citizens under control. In reality, it’s to protect them from the horrors of low-quality kids content on YouTube.

Does anybody have info on where that second image is from and what they’re protesting?

That reminds me…

The guide applies to all languages.

If you want to make true progress in learning a language, I recommend following an immersion based approach like the Refold method. Duolingo is great if you want to get a basic understanding of what a language is all about, but it is still made in order for you to feel like some progress is happening while there in reality isn’t much. If your goal is fluency, it’s imperative to immerse in the language.


China and feminism?
I haven't heard much in regards to gender equality in China, but would like to hear if you have any interesting sources to share. I know that western media used to really push hard on the "China censors feminist movements like metoo" point so I would also like to know of things relating to that. Thanks

Esperanto has the obvious limitation that it’s centered around the European languages, and thus there are some other international auxiliary languages created in more recent years that are more adapted to the whole of the planet (a prime example being Lidepla). If the world will implement some sort of IAL in the future, I think something new would be created from scratch with years of back and forth.

Get a lot of light during the day (if it’s winter and it’s dark during the day, there are those lamps that you can have at your desk) and minimize light when you’re going to bed. Set phone/computer on night shift/night light to minimize blue light and also get a COMFY sleeping mask (I use the manta sleep mask, which is relatively expensive but it’s SO much better than those crappy ones because it gives your eyes room to breathe). Meditation before going to bed can help a lot too.

Absolutely. I think it’s important to challenge the current education system a bit though.

It would require lots of programming and prompt engineering know-how, but theoretically, yes! I’m currently using the API to program a prompt-chaining system making use of the semantic embeddings that can take any list of text sources, then use it to write an essay answering a specific question (and cite the sources accurately). I’m still a long way off though (at least from doing it efficiently), so really what GPT-3 is best for is aiding you in doing assignments. I would recommend the channel David Shapiro who does videos about this stuff.

I use GPT-3 to do my homework.

Explain this ultras 😎

Well, one needs to understand China’s political system. To do this, we first need to understand the core of state power itself, how the CPC holds grasp of this system and how the CPC itself is organized. Secondly, we must look at how all this plays out in practice. (I’m in the middle of reading a couple books and documents on the topic so some of what I’m saying may be outdated or incorrect)

As for the core of state power, it’s very similar to other ML countries throughout history and currently, to run through it quickly: Fundamentally, the core of state power lies in the “People’s Congresses” which are organized in a pyramid structure with the National People’s Congress at the top. At the lowest and second lowest level of people’s congress (town level & county level), delegates are elected directly by the populous via secret ballot. People’s Congresses on higher levels than this are made up of delegates who are elected by the People’s congresses below it. All these delegates are subject to recall by their constituents at any time. Moreover, delegates cannot be trialed for their speech, they are obliged to hear the opinions of the public and make their work publicized through media and other channels (which is why you will see “law rundown” programs on chinese state television).

Now, the CPC holds a very firm grasp of this state structure. Going into exactly how it holds this grasp is quite complex, but basically: it’s status as ruling party isn’t formally enforced, but it instead recommends candidates and legislature to the government, and these recommendations usually pass without a hitch because the government has so many CPC members.

(The source for everything mentioned above is the book: “China’s political system” by Yin Zhongqing)

As for how the CPC itself operates and is subject to the proletariat, I’m still in the process of studying it, but I can provide some sources which may be interesting. I would recommend this talk as an introduction (I disagree a bit with his analysis, specifically he tends to boil a lot down to cultural differences between west and east). For a more in depth look, you can check out this infographic explaining the CPC structure. When reading it, note that you shouldn’t confuse party congresses with the aforementioned people’s congresses.

So how does all this play out in practice? Thankfully, with China’s political system it’s a lot easier to prove that it works than to explain why it works. First off, there are countless studies from various sources which show that China’s government approval is among the highest, if not the highest in the world, including this, and some other sources which I don’t have on hand at the moment. Government officials are routinely held accountable. As Eric Li said in his talk, in order to become a prominent CPC member you will need to go through extremely rigorous inspection and public scrutiny. The result is that corruption gets curbed the higher up you go in the party. There’s lots more to say on this point, but yeah that’s basically it.

What’s up with the argument that China’s economy is running on borrowed money?
I've seen two figures when it comes to China's debt: public debt, which is really low (like 30%), and the other being much higher, (although I can't remember where I found it, what it measured, but I remember it being like 125%). And now when I was digging around for the exact numbers I've found other statistics saying the public debt is upwards of 70%, and others saying 50%. Can someone explain because I'm just really confused? Thanks

Honestly vegetarian food in general is underrated. (Although I might be biased because I was raised vegetarian and prefer the vegetarian option in most cases.)

Class character of the CPC?
It's clear while looking at what the CPC is doing that it is working towards the benefit of the working class, but I still have not fully grasped the structural and theoretical reason for why the party represents the working class. Like, I can see that capitalists don't have much foothold in the party, and corruption is low, but why? Is there something that stops capitalists from climbing the ranks? Many western 'socialists' also like to claim that party elites have become the new ruling class. But really, what is there to stop the party elites from working for their own benefit? Basically: How is the top level of the party still held accountable to the wants of the working class?

Refold.la is pretty cool. It’s just a guide on how to learn a language to fluency. As someone who has been interested in language learning for a very long time, this is by far the most complete theory of language learning. Here are their mandarin resources which are all free (shows, apps, etc.).

As someone who is really interested in language learning, I would recommend checking out refold.la. It’s just a guide on how to learn a language to fluency. The guys behind it are a bunch of language learning enthusiasts. Here are the mandarin resources - which is all free I believe.

Vsauce made a video about this a while ago

Trafficking in China is a new talking point for me… Does anyone have info about this accusation?

The Schengen agreement without the EU would be 🥺

Bloomberg has been posting lots of impartial China videos in the last two weeks, just look at their video on Chinese biotech and renewable energy.

You would think they would have better production value if that’s the case lol…